South Yorkshire England
Pronounced locally Thrybur Old English Triberg
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What we can learn about the region can be somewhat of a culture shock, but here are the facts. Stone age man has been found in evidence close to Roche Abbey.
Nearby in Wickersley which has been a notable source of stone through the centuries a Neolithic polished stone axe was discovered, which is evidence that the area surrounding Thrybergh was habituated since the Neolithic age. Therefore early farming of the land may have taken place.
The Celts or Kelts started appearing on the east coast of Yorkshire around 450 to 500 BC, now here is the first shock, the name of one clan was the Parisi. recognize the name? Yes Paris in France. [ I just knew the French would creep into this somehow. ] The region now known as Paris was also occupied during the same period by the same clan, as was the Region now known as Ulster in Northern Ireland.
The other clan was the Brigantes who were dominant in what is now South Yorkshire and Northern Yorkshire.
Yorkshire became a stronghold of the Celts and it is only a couple of years ago in the Wetwang area of East Yorkshire. that a Celtic Iron Age tomb was found, inside the Tomb was a warrior queen's chariot, and the skeleton of the Queen.
Yorkshire is the main area in England where Celtic two wheeled vehicles have been uncovered, and of course the language of the Celts is evident in the local dialect of Thrybergh as it is throughout Yorkshire and neighbouring counties. In fact many of the words used in the English language had their origins in Yorkshire. When the Celts were driven out of Yorkshire some of them fled to North Wales and it is not to long ago that the sheepmen of the Yorkshire Dales were using the same Celtic language as the people of North Wales to count their stock.
Some of the Celtic words used in forming many of the place names known today :
ABER--River mouth or ford
HAMPS--Dry stream in summer
PEN, BRYN--Hill, Head
TRE--Hamlet, Village, Town
Once again the people of the North met their invaders with fierce resistance but they were no match for the disciplined Legions of Rome, in circa 50 A. D. the ruler of the Brigantines was Queen Cartimandua who was not a pleasant character. Unfortunately for the good Queen her ex husband Venutius had a bit of a tantrum and led an uprising which occurred 69 A. D, this uprising apparently removed Cartimandua from power. It was circa 71 A. D. before the Romans ruled the north of Britain.
The Romans had established a Roman Fort at Templebrough, [
Remembering Rotherham has a town did not exist at this time!] the fort was
made of timber with dimensions of 495 X 490 feet with a 18 foot wide outer
ditch, and a rampart constructed with turf.
The Romans were also present in nearby Doncaster and Rossington. Roman coins have been found within the vicinity of Thrybergh. Most of the older existing roadways present in England today are the ancient footpaths and tracks made by our ancestor's, so it is more than likely that the road we now know as Doncaster Road was a main thoroughfare between these two settlements. There was a Roman Road from Derby to Rotherham, and one from Rotherham to Manchester. When you look at a map of the area Thrybergh is on a straight line between Rotherham and Doncaster, and also the easiest route regarding the local terrain. The Romans were present in Templeborough, at the other side of Rotherham and a Roman road was constructed, local historians believe that road made it's way from Templeborough, to Eastwood, then Dalton, Thrybergh, Hooton Roberts, Conisborough, and Doncaster. The latter being a Roman Fort.
Though earlier historians suggest the route passed through Greaseborough, across to Rawmarsh, and crossing the river Don at a ford located at Mexborough, personally considering that the ford at Mexbrough was possibly often subject to rises in water level, thus making it difficult to cross, I believe the first route is more the likely, being so Thrybergh would have been an ideal place of rest for travelers making their way to Doncaster.
One has to consider that the Romans were quite capable of building bridges, and indeed built one at nearby Rossington where a considerable size Roman fort was established it is suggested during the Claudian invasion 43.A. D. So there is no reason why they could not have built a bridge in Rotherham and Mexbrough.
It has to be remembered that in the Roman occupation York was more the capital of England than London.
The Roman Commander of York Garrison, Gaius Flavius Constantinius and his wife Helen were both Christians. Gaius died in 306 ad. at which time , his son, Flavius Valerius Aurilius Constantinius [ Why couldn't they just call him Con ?] became Commander. In the year 324 ad., he became Emperor Constantine of Rome whilst still at York. His mother became Queen Helen. Helen convinced her son who was not a Christian at the time to decree that Christianity be the religion of the Roman Empire. So you could say that the Church of Rome as it is known today had it's start in Yorkshire! Well we can stretch a point here.
England was now practically defenceless against the plunderers of Northern Europe, and so began the "Dark Ages"
I have no affiliation with any Trade Union, Political body, or organization regarding the information on this site. All information on this site is Factual and correct to the extent of my knowledge. There is no intent to cause offence to any individual. Should you spot an error please let me know and that error will be corrected.
This site is the result of over 7 years research,
and compilation, should you wish to use any of the content for
publication of literature please contact me. The poetry and life of
James Ross, the story of St. Leonard's Cross, and other items on this
site were compiled, and first published on this site in their present
context as a study of Thrybergh. If you use this site as a source, out
of courtesy, please give credit where it is due as I have done on this
site where appropriate.