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Sir John Reresby

Baronet, Justice of the Peace, High Sheriff of Yorkshire, Governor of York and Member of Parliament for York and the borough of Aldborough,
Deputy of the Lord Lieutenant, the Earl of Danby.

The most notable member of the Reresby's was Sir John Reresby, who lived his life playing the dangerous game of politics, he skillfully, belligerently, successfully navigated his career until he was involved with the Revolution in 1688. John attained many titles throughout his life he was a man who liked to travel and was also a very observant man, we may not agree with some of the views and opinions of John but his honesty in his beliefs lay within his writings. The list below is to give you an idea of just how turbulent were the times John Reresby lived in.
 

 

 

CHARLES 1---b1600--d 1649--r 1625--1649---Only surviving son of James 1 executed
OLIVER CROMWELL---b1599--d 1658--r 1649--1658---placed in power by the army
RICHARD CROMWELL---b 1626--d 1712--r 1658--1659---Third son of Oliver Cromwell
CHARLES 11---b1630--d 1685--r 1660--1685---Eldest surviving son of Charles 1 Sir John Reresby described how Charles II spent his final years living in Newmarket.
JAMES 11---b1633--d 1701--r 1685--1688---Second son of Charles 1 expelled by revolution of 1688
WILLIAM 111---b1650--d 1702--r 1689--1702---Son of William Prince of Orange and Mary Daughter of Charles 1 installed by revolution with Mary 11 as a shared rule
MARY 11---b1662--d 1694--r 1689--1694---Daughter of James 11
ANNE---b1665--d 1714--r 1702--1714---Second daughter of James 11 With the union of England Scotland and Wales in 1707 she was Queen of Great Britain.

 

The Linage of Sir John

George Reresby and  Elizabeth Tamworth had a son
John Reresby who was born in 1611 at  Thrybergh, he died in 1646  
This John married Frances Yarborough  in 1633  they had a son and named him
John Reresby who was born in 1634  at Thrybergh,  John married Frances Browne  who was born in 1642  at York, the marriage took place at  St Dunstan's  London in 1665
John and Francis had the following children
Mary Reresby  born approx 1666  at Thrybergh,
William Reresby born approx 1668  at Thrybergh
Tamworth Reresby  born 1670  at Thrybergh
Frances Reresby  born approx 1671at Thrybergh
Margaret Reresby born  1674  at Thrybergh
John Reresby born 1675  at Thrybergh, died 1683 
George Reresby  born 1678  at Thrybergh
Leonard Reresby    born  1679  at Thrybergh,
Jane Reresby born approx 1682  at Thrybergh

 

His Early Life

 

The events in Johns lifetime and the demise of a great family have a sad ending indeed.
Born in 1634 son of John Reresby, Grandson of  Sir George Reresby and  Elizabeth Tamworth, of Sherville Court, Southampton. John grew up in the turbulent times of Charles 1 and Oliver Cromwell


In 1654 at the age of twenty John left England and wrote the following in his journal
"I left England in that unhappy time when honesty was reputed a crime, religion superstition, loyalty treason; when subjects were governors, servants masters, and no gentleman assured of anything he possessed; the least jealousy of disaffection to the late erected commonwealth being offence sufficient to endanger the forfeiture of his estate, the only laws in force being those of the sword".


This was of course during the time when Oliver Cromwell was Lord Protectorate of England, a rule that Sir John Reresby opposed, though he would not have spoke out at the time for fear of reprisal. Although he became a Protestant, John Reresby was a Royalist and was one of the few men of his time that placed the King before the Church.


John traveled throughout Europe and entered in diary his views upon  France, Italy, Germany and the Netherlands. In doing so he left a valuable record of life in Europe during that period. Even the plague did not deter John Reresby from visiting places he wished to see and he remarks in his memoirs in 1656 "The news came as we were ready to set forth for Italy that the plague was now violent in Rome, which discouraged all the gentlemen but three and myself, for I resolved to trust to Providence rather than not see so fine a place".


Whilst he was touring France he arrived at  Saumur which is in Anjou,  John took time out to learn French at the Protestant University, and remarked “the great resort of my countrymen to Paris prevented me from doing satisfactorily there.” He returned to Paris a city Sir John regarded as the finest city of Europe [not excepting London], after four years in Europe John returned to England  May, 1658.

 

 

King Charles 11 photo of a painting by S. CooperAbout 23 September, 1658 Cromwell died and Sir John saw this as an opening for the return of the King and this thought was scribed in his early memoirs. By October of 1658 John went back to Paris and introduced himself to the Queen Mother who was residing with her daughter Henrietta at the Palais Royal. John became a favourite of  Her Majesty and enjoyed a friendship with Henriette who was aged fifteen. In 1660 there was hope of restoring Charles 11 to the throne and John returned to England bearing a message from the Queen Mother to Charles 11.


John was strongly attracted to Elizabeth Hamilton who later married Philibert de Gramont. However the love of his life was found in Frances Browne and they were married in 1665.
 

John found favour with Charles the second but was poorly rewarded for his loyalty, he was appointed High Sheriff of Yorkshire, something his rank entitled him to anyway, and found himself the Governor of York a city with no Garrison and a fort that never was built.  Sir John Reresby, of Thrybergh, was the M.P. for Aldborough and afterwards for York City. A poor reward for a man who placed the King before the Church a not to popular stance at the time.
Johns loyalty to the next King James 11, was not so strong, but his loyalty never wavered toward the crown.

 

Local Matters

 

 Somewhat less consequential were local matters in Yorkshire that concerned John,
TITLE DEEDS

   Thrybergh

      FILE - Assignment of by Charles Tucker of Rotherham, gent., to Robert Harrison of Richmond, yeoman, and Robert Harrison the younger of Handsworth Woodhouse, yeoman - ref.  425/Z/2/1  - date: 2 September 1667
         [from Scope and Content] - reciting lease to Tucker by Sir John Reresby of Thriburgh, bart. (10 January 1663/4) of all the water course which was lately used for a steel mill or forge called Thriburgh Steele Forge (formerly in the tenure of Charles Tucker, father of Charles) together with the mill or site of the mill, for a term of 21 years (provided that Reresby's corn mill shall have priority of water in times of scarcity and that the walk mill has priority when there is cloth in the stocks) at a rent of £10 10s.

 

FILE [no title or ref. or date]
item: [no title] - ref. DD/FJ/11/1/8/48  - date: n.d. c.1669
[from Scope and Content] West Riding lists arranged under wapentakes (Goldcross, Staincross, Agbrigg and Morley, Skyrack, Barkstone-Ash, Staincliffe and Ewcross, Claro,) re provision of horse and contributions (?) for Sir John Reresby's troop (?); also "A list of the Honourable Sir John Reresby, barrt. his Troope". The book is bound in a lease dated 1669 by which the Hon. Sir John Reresby of Thribergh (Y.W.) lets the fulling mill and water course etc., at Thribergh, to Rob. Steele; the parties agree as follows re the priority of water supplied from the stream to the mill "... sufficient proportion for the other two milnes of the said Sir John Reresby situate in the same place... corn milne be first served, secondly the steel milne and last the walke mill... when it shall appear by certain gages or marks to be set down to that purpose that there is a competence of water ..."

On the 26th March 1672 he was involved in a disagreement with Edward Shackleton the constable of Wentbridge. Sir John Reresby, had complained to the constable about the beggars in the area, Edward Shackleton possibly thought Sir John should not be interferring in such matters and became aggressive  uttering  oaths against Sir John, Shackleton said he would put him in the stocks. A Richard  Ellill and several others had tried to then place Shackleton in the stocks. However  Edward Shackleton must have been a man of size and strength for he had beaten and assaulted his opponents. For this he found himself in Court on Charges.

  SUBSIDY LISTS AND ASSESSMENTS, ETC.

      FILE  [no title or ref. or date]
         item:  [no title] - ref.  DD/FJ/11/1/8/48  - date: n.d. c.1669
            [from Scope and Content] West Riding lists arranged under wapentakes (Goldcross, Staincross, Agbrigg and Morley, Skyrack, Barkstone-Ash, Staincliffe and Ewcross, Claro,) re provision of horse and contributions (?) for Sir John Reresby's troop (?); also "A list of the Honourable Sir John Reresby, barrt. his Troope". The book is bound in a lease dated 1669 by which the Hon. Sir John Reresby of Thribergh (Y.W.) lets the fulling mill and water course etc., at Thribergh, to Rob. Steele; the parties agree as follows re the priority of water supplied from the stream to the mill "... sufficient proportion for the other two milnes of the said Sir John Reresby situate in the same place... corn milne be first served, secondly the steel milne and last the walke mill... when it shall appear by certain gages or marks to be set down to that purpose that there is a competence of water
Again in 1672 on the 9th  October  in the Quarter Sessions Rolls Pontefract Henry Roberts of Denaby, a labourer, was interviewed and stated that he had witnessed Elizabeth Wareing of Hutton Robert take coal from Sir John Reresby's pit  In her defence Elizabeth said  the coal had been given her by John Dryver  
On the  21 July 1674 In the Call book, or Justices' note book Quarter Sessions records of the West Riding of Yorkshire Court in Session Quarter Sessions Rolls Barnsley sessions  Robert Burroughs of Hooton Roberts found himself a recipient of a warrant of good behaviour after he had  abused  John Roberts and other servants of Sir John Reresby, Justice of the Peace, and had bid Sir John kiss his arse.  Another  order was issued to the constable of Hooton Roberts to ensure the appearance at the next sessions of Robert Burroughs.

     FILE - Bargain and sale (with equity of redemption) - ref.  SpSt/64692/12  - date: 4 Nov, 1669
            [from Scope and Content] John Farburne of Mexbrough, yeoman, to Sir John Reresby of Thribergh, esq. All his messuages, cottages, etc. in Mexbrough, listed in a schedule (attached), for £160.
 
House of Lords: Journal Office: Main Papers - ref. HL/PO/JO/10

         House of Lords: Journal Office: Main Papers 1509-1700

            FILE - Main Papers 356 - 367 - ref.  HL/PO/JO/10/1/345  - date: 23 Jan 1671 - 11 Feb 1671
               item: Reresby v. Farnesworth - ref.  HL/PO/JO/10/1/345/367  - date: 11 Feb 1671
                  [from Scope and Content] Petition of Sir John Reresby, Baronet. Petitioner's great grandfather, Sir Thomas Reresby, Knight, mortgaged the manor of Reresby, in the county of Derby, to Sir Samuel Trion.

         FILE - Exemplification of fine - ref.  SpSt/64692/36  - date: 1672
            [from Scope and Content] Sir John Reresby and Edward Armefeild, plaintiffs v. John Farburne and Dorothy his wife, and John Crasley and Grace Crasley, widow, deforciants. 2 messuages, etc. in Mexbrough, Langside and Bradfeild.

     FILE - Bargain and sale (with equity of redemption) - ref.  SpSt/64692/7  - date: 12 Oct, 1672
            [from Scope and Content] John Farburne of Mexbrough, yeoman, and Dorothy, his wife, to Sir John Reresby of Thribergh. Eleven acres of arable land in the commonfields of Mexbrough listed in a schedule (attached). For £110.

         FILE - Bargain and sale - ref.  SpSt/64692/14  - date: 30 Jun, 1673
            [from Scope and Content] John Pining of Ramsee (co. Camb.), labourer, to Sir John Reresby of Thriberge. All his part of a messuage in Mexbrugh (described) where Thomas Pining or Grace Wortley, widow, lately dwelt, the plot of ground or "Tussell" adjoining a rood of arable land and a cottage; for £5.

         FILE  [no title] - ref.  SpSt/64692/9  - date: 2 Dec, 1673
            [from Scope and Content] John Farburne to Sir John Reresby. All the messuage in Mexbrough where he now dwells, with all closes, meadows, etc. of him the said John Farburne, described in a schedule (attached); for £415.

         FILE - Conveyance (lease and release) - ref.  SpSt/64692/15-16  - date: 29-30 Sep, 1676
            [from Scope and Content] Samuel Wortley of the Heardings in the parish of Norton, Co. Derby, gentleman, nephew and heir of Samuel Wortley, late of Barnsley, deceased, to Sir John Reresby. Messuage in Mexbrough with land (described) in Mexbrough, for a valuable sum of money.

FILE - Conveyance (lease and release) - ref.  SpSt/64692/33-34  - date: 13 Mar, 1680
            [from Scope and Content] Thomas Wood of Mexbrough, husbandman and Mary his wife to Sir John Reresby of Thriberghe. Messuage in Mexbrough and lands, tenements and cattlegates, common of turbary, turfegrafte, etc. (described in a schedule); for £142. (Lease and release even dates).

 

The Life and Times of Sir John Reresby pg 2

Sir John Reresby page 2

 

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