South Yorkshire England
Pronounced locally Thrybur Old English Triberg
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NOBLE FAMILIES OF THRYBERGH
|Saville Finch pg1|
|Saville Finch pg2|
|Saville Finch pg 3|
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Rozelline who held Thrybergh from William De Perci had a Co-heir whose name was Baron Adam Swain who was the son of the founder of the priory of Monkbretton. This Adam Swain had daughters and the eldest daughter and co-heir married a certain Alexandra Crevequer, so the lordship of Thrybergh still under De Percy eventually passed to her descendants who were the the Nevils and the Hetons, one of the latter in the reign of Edward 111.
However elsewhere it states.
1166 William De Neville whose Knight fee's consisted of Manors of Thrybergh, Brinsworth, Dalton, and Bolton on Dearne the first three being held previously by Rozelline
William De Neville was born approx 1123, in
Lincolnshire, England son of Gilbert De Neville Knight
Now so far it seems the William and Amabel only had one daughter. who was Sara born c 1149 at Skirwith, Cumberlandshire, England now she seems to have married twice. Firstly to a Simon De Fitzwalter c. 1201 at Skirwith, then secondly to a Thomas De Borough with whom she had a son Phillip De Borough.
Shepley was held by the Burgh family. If the township was subinfeudated before 1166 it would then have been held by William de Neville husband of Amabel daughter of Adam son of Sveinn.
Also prior to 1160 a Adam Fitz Swien is recorded as a tenant of property at nearby Wentworth, with a daughter named Amabel.
Daughter of Adam who was Amabel married to De Neville Family.
Now discrepancies occur into who married who by varying resources:
1159, for example, Adam, son of Sveinn, son of Alric died, leaving as his heirs his two daughters, Amabel and Maude, who had married William de Neville and Adam de Montbegan.
Walter de Neville Married: Cecilia De CREVEQUER (dau. of Alexander De Crevequer and Amabell De Fitzwaine) ABT 1155, Kingswalden, Hertfordshire, England
The Neville family appear in the Doomsday Book approx 73 times and are found as follows:
Witham on the Hill hundred, Lincolnshire Great Domesday Book Ralph de
The so forth
Whereas a Richard de Neville is found in Devon.
From the above list you will note that I have included the names of Arnketil and Swein, I suspect that Arnketil is the brother of Northmann who held Thrybergh prior to the conquest, and the family of Swein is tied with the Neville family as you will see below.
From Patronymica Britannica, a dictionary of the family names of the United
Kingdom - Page 335
1 SWAIN. The A-Sax. ttran, a pastoral servant, and the Scand. Streya, a proper name originally of the same import, have impressed themselves upon many localities, which in their turn have given designations to families. Among those which do not occur in gazetteers arn Swainston, Swainsland (now Sways- land), Swanston, and others. SWAINE. SWAYNE. }. A Scandinavian personal name of great antiquity, introduced here under the Danish rule. Domesday shows us several persons (tenants in chief and otherwise) called Svain, Suain, Suanus, Suuen, Swen or Sueno, some of whom are specifically stated to have held lands under Edward the Confessor. Suain of Essex, supposed by Morant to have been of Danish origin, was ancestor of the famous Henry de Essex, temp. Henry II. 2. The A-Sax. swan : see previous article. The forms in the Rotuli Hundredorum are Le Swein, Le Sweyn, and Sweyn. SWAINSON. See under Swaine. Tho name of Swcynson has existed for ages in Denmark. In the XI. and XII. centuries we find it here in the forms of Filius Suani and Fitz-Swain. In Domesday the wife of Edw. filius Suani was a chief-tenant in Essex. The well-known ascendancy of the Danes in Yorkshire from the time of Etbelred, A.D. 808, downwards, accounts for that district being the principal habitat of the name. The Swaynsons were located at Briggeholme, in the parish of Giggleswick, early in the XII. century, and they remained in that district until the middle of the XVIII. Early in the XII. century Adam Fitz-Swain or Swainson, was lord of Hornby Castle. " You have the advantage (says the Rev. Jos. Hunter, addressing one of the family,) of having had a line of ancestors living in a good position in the county where Sweyn, the son of Alaric, and Adam, the son of Sweyn, had such large possessions." Beatson's Polit. Index. I. 4. Inf. Eev. Edw. C. Swayneon, H.A., the existing representative of the family.
Memorials of the Abbey of St. Mary of Fountains. - Page 57
"It is remarkable that neither of these grants took permanent effect ;
but as the lands are not again mentioned in any of the records of the house,
I have not ascertained when or why they were surrendered. Certain, however,
it is that when this Adam Fitz-Swain—who was a person of much consequence in
South Yorkshire, who died about the year 1158—founded the Cluniac Priory of
Monk-Bretton near Barnsley, he endowed it, among other possessions, with his
lands at Ncwhala and Rainesberg ; places still to be identified in the
parish of Wath-upon-Deame.— (Moa. Any., v. i., p. Ct!0 : Hunter'i South "
Page 245 “After the early twelfth century, the most frequent cause for the partitioning of estates was through inheritance by heiresses. In 1159, for example, Adam, son of Sveinn, son of Alric died, leaving as his heirs his two daughters, Amabel and Maude, whose respective husbands, William de Neville and Adam de Montbegan, inherited the eight knights’ fees he had held in the honour of Pontefract as well as the knights’ fee he held in the honour of Skipton and probably another fee in the manor of Wakefield” ??
WALTON originally was included in the honour of Ponte- fract, which belonged to
Aluric, the son of Richard Ashen- hold, a noble Saxon thane, temp. ST. EDWARD
THE CONFESSOR. He was by his son Suein, who lost his estates at the Norman
CONQUEST. By WILLIAM they were assigned to Ilbert de Laci, who gave back a great
part of them in fee to Suein. He had a son, Adam, who founded the monastery of
Monk Bretton. Adam, the son of Suein, had two dans, and co-heiresses, between
whom his large estates were divided. Amabil was m. to William de Nevill. They
had a dau. aud heiress, Sara, who became the wife of Thomas de Burgh.
Early Yorkshire Charters: Being a Collection
of Documents Anterior to the ... - Page 183
The Pipe-rolls, Or Sheriff's Annual Accounts of the Revenues of the Crown ... -
.Culgarth was granted to Adam Fitz-Sueine, and is classed by the historians of Cumberland as a Barony. His possessions were of considerable extent, comprehending the two parishes of Mel- merby and Kirkland, in the former of which Culgarth was situated, and Ainstable, separated by a wide tract of country from the others. The whole are locally situated in the Forest of Cumberland, and may be more properly considered as a number of detached manors belonging to one proprietor, than as a barony. Adam Fitz-Sueine was living in the 5th of Henry II. He had two daughters, Mabel, married to Jeffrey de Neville, the son of Allan de Neville, who held Forest Pleas in Cumberland in the 13th of Henry II., and Matilda, the wife of Adam de Monbegon. In the 5th of Jchn, William de Neville, the son of Jeffrey was excused his contribution to the Scutage, and Roger de Monbegon paid 20s. for his moiety of Culchet (Culgarth). When the Inquisitions in the "Testa de Neville" were taken, Roger de Monbegon was still living, and William de Neville's moiety was enjoyed by Simon Fitz-Walter and Alexander de Neville.
Besides his holdings of the honour of Richmond, Philip de Burgh held in 1166
... son of Philip de Burgh son of Thomas de Bourgh was the first husband of
Sara, a daughter of Amabel. So who was Sara's second husband?
Just to make things more confusing there is the item below in which we find that Amabel has been entered as Mabel and married to Jeffrey Neville as opposed to William, and that William was the son of Jeffrey! Plus Maud is named as Matilda!
Adam de Montbegon gave to Geoffrey de Valoines 6 car. of land in Farleton and Cantsfield, to hold by military service. This estate was a member of Hornby, which had belonged (temp. Henry I.) to Swain fitz Alric (who died before 31 Hen. I.), and to his son, Adam fitz Swain (1130–1159), one of whose daughters, Matilda, brought Hornby in marriage to Adam de Montbegon. From: 'Lancashire Fines: 1-12 John', Final Concords for Lancashire, Part 1: 1189-1307 (1899), pp. 7-38. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=52530.
granted to Adam Fitz-Sueine, and is classed by
the historians of Cumberland as a Barony. His possessions were of
considerable extent, comprehending the two parishes of Melmerby and Kirkland, in the former of which Culgarth was situated,
and Ainstable, separated by a wide tract of country from the
others. The whole are locally situated in the Forest of Cumberland,
and may be more properly considered as a number of detached
manors belonging to one proprietor, than as a barony.
Adam fitz Swain founded the Priory of Monk-Bretton, and died before 1159
(Pipe Roll, 5 Henry II.), leaving two daughters, (1) Amabel, the eldest, who
married firstly Alexander de Crevequeur, and secondly William de Nevill, and
had her purparty in cos. Cumberland, and Yorkshire, and a moiety of Croston
cum membris, in co. Lanc., and (2) Matilda, who married Adam de Montbegon, a
military tenant of the Honour of Lancaster in cos. Lincoln, Lancaster and
Suffolk, to whom she brought her purparty of the estates in Cumberland and
Yorkshire, the Manor and Castle of Hornby, and the other moiety of Croston
cum membris, in co. Lancaster.
Which leaves us with quite a problem concerning who was in actual residence at Thrybergh, how did Thrybergh fall into the hands of the Heatons, and who was Avica?
Well the answer seems to lay here:
There were several Heaton's who achieved knighthood in the early beginning of Heraldry in the period of 1150. The earliest recorded Heaton with an important knighthood was Sir Henry de Heton in 1180, and Sir Richard de Heton in Yorkshire in 1200. We can trace Richard's ancestry with confidence to a man named Alric who lived in Lancashire in 1100. He had a son named Adam who died in 1159. Adam had a daughter named Amabel who died in 1207. She married very well twice to the famous de Neville families. http://www.jimsweb.org/heaton/heathist.htm
At some stage the main tenants of Thrybergh still under De Perci fell to the Hetons who then sublet the tenancy.
Avica was the next one to inherit Thrybergh, and when she married Ralph De Normanville the estate then fell to the Normanvilles.
The above people owned a vast number of estates throughout the land, and it is noticeable in the ownership of Thrybergh that often the ownership passed hands via female inheritance rather than male linage.
Helpful pages regarding old terms and Latin
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