Silverwood Logo by John Doxey background photo Mick Carver1900 - 1994

Dedicated to the Miners of Silverwood

History of the Mine

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Silverwood Mine

Hollings Lane

Thrybergh

South Yorkshire England

Webmaster John Doxey

Main Photos Jonathan Dabs.

 

 

 

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COAL HARD FACTS

Silverwood Mine 2004

What is Coal

COAL A combustible, organically formed sedimentary rock composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and many other minor constituents. The specific gravity of coal ranges from less than one, or less dense than water, depending on the amount of alteration and compaction it has undergone and on the amount of incombustible material it contains.

The coal that lays below South Yorkshire started to form over 280 million years ago in the Carboniferous period along with Shale, Limestones, and Sandstones. The very same rich coal  seams stretch from Scotland, Northumberland, Lancashire into North Wales and around the Staffordshire area. Most of the southern counties do not have large coal seams below, apart from Devon.

Ireland has a tremendous coal seam beneath its green grass. which extends more than half of the total size of the Island.

Wales has a somewhat smaller size seam in the south toward Bristol.

Which explains why we in South Yorkshire and the North of England had so many coal mines and the southern counties didn't.

 

How we used coal

More than half of all coal consumed was used to produce the heat that generates steam used to turn the steam turbine generators in electric power plants. one fourth was used by the steel industry and one fourth was used to provide heat and power in various manufacturing processes. Coal is used for heating purposes, as a fuel for Steam railroad Engines. The volatile matter driven from coal in the manufacture of coke yields coal tar, light oils, chemicals , and gas. These basic ingredients yield thousands of products, including aspirin, and other drugs, moth balls, dyes, paint thinners, nylon, ink, explosives, fertilizers, insecticides, and pesticides. Other types of coal processing give us plastic, perfumes, soaps, Rubbers, detergents, and Tar. Of the hundreds of chemicals found in coal tar, approximately only twenty five percent are being used. A ton of coal will yield 10,000 cu ft of gas, 120 lbs of tar, 25 galls of watery liquid, and 1500 lbs of coke.

FANS USED TO VENTILATE A MINE

The Howden ZM1DescriptionA highly efficient backward curved aerofoil bladed fan with a conical sideplate for high specific speed duties. This fan is available in its single inlet version only. Designed such that the blade length can be extended in situ if the need arises due to a long term increase in duty. Designed to supply very large volumes of air, the broad blade width results in relatively high stresses in the impeller. Application Primary application is as a mine ventilation fan. Other similar processes requiring high volumes to be moved at relatively low pressure. Typical references Customer Site Country Application Diameter Speed mm RPM British Coal Bold Colliery UK Mine Vent3400655British Coal Betws Colliery UK Mine Vent2280450British Coal Silverwood Colliery UK Mine Vent4100350

 

OTHER MINES IN YORKSHIRE

On vesting day 01/01/1947,Yorkshires 123 pits were nationalised, 10 more were sunk after this date. On 01/01/1995 The coal mines returned to private ownership.
ACKTON HALL, ALDWARKE MAIN, ALLERTON, BYWATER, ASKERN MAIN, BARLEY HALL, BARNBURGH, BARNSLEY MAIN, BARROW, BENTLEY, BILLINGLEY DRIFT, BIRKENSHAW, BRIERLEY, BRODSWORTH MAIN, BROOKHOUSE, BULLCLIFFE WOOD, BULLCROFT, CADEBY MAIN, CAPHOUSE, CORTONWOOD, CROGGLESTONE, DARFIELD MAIN, DARTON MAIN, DEARNE VALLEY, DENABY MAIN, DENBY GRANGE, DINNINGTON, DODWORTH/REDBROOK, EAST ARDSLEY, ELSECAR MAIN, EMLEY MOOR, FERRYMOOR, FERRYMOOR RIDDINGS, FIRBECK MAIN, FRICKLEY, FRYSTON, GASCOINE WOOD, GLASSHOUGHTON, GOLDTHORPE, GOMERSAL, GRANGE, GRANGE ASH, GREATFIELD, GREGORY SPRING, GRIMETHORPE, HAIGH, HANDSWORTH, HARTLEY BANK, HATFIELD MAIN, HAZLEHEAD, HEMSWORTH, HICKLETON MAIN, HIGHGATE, HOUGHTON MAIN, HOWROYD, KELLINGLEY, KENDAL DRIFT, KILNHURST,KIVERTON PARK, ,KINSLEY DRIFT, LEDSTON LUCK, LEPTON EDGE, LOFTHOUSE, MALTBY MAIN, MANOR, MANTON, MANVERS MAIN, MARKHAM MAIN, MIDDLETON BROOM,MITCHELLS MAIN, MONK BRETTON, NEW MONKTON,1,2,(6), NEW MONKTON, 3,4, NEW STUBBIN, NEWMARKET SILKSTONE, NEWMILLERDAM, NORTH GAWBER, NORTH SELBY, NORWOOD GREEN, NOSTELL, NUNNERY, OLD ROUNDWOOD, ORGREAVE, PARKMILL, PECKFIELD, PRIMROSE HILL, PRINCE OF WALES, ROCKINGHAM, ROSSINGTON MAIN, ROTHERHAM MAIN, ROTHWELL, RICCALL, ROYSTON DRIFT, ST JOHN,S, SAVILE, SHARLSTON, SHAW CROSS, SHIREOAKS, SHUTTLE EYE, SILKSTONE COMMON, SILVERWOOD, SKIERS SPRING, SMITHYWOOD, SNYDALE, SOUTH EMSALL, SOUTH KIRBY, STEETLY,  STILLINGFLEET, STOCKSBRIDGE, THORNE, THORNHILL, THURCROFT MAIN, TOFTSHAW MOOR, TREETON, UPTON, WALESWOOD, WALTON, WATER HAIGH, WATERLOO MAIN, WATH MAIN, WENTWORTH DRIFT, WENTWORTH SILKSTONE, WEST RIDING, WHARNCLIFFE SILKSTONE, WHARNCLIFFE WOODMOOR,1,2(3), WHARNCLIFFE WOODMOOR,4,5, WHELDALE, WHITEMOOR, WHITWOOD, WISTOW, WOMBWELL MAIN, WOOLLEY, WOOLLEY EDGE, YORKSHIRE MAIN,

The above list courtesy of Anne Meggitt who adds this tribute

 To me it's like reading names on a war memorial, so many lives lost, so many brave deeds to save a fellow worker, the industrial heartlands ,the backbone of Britain , smashed,   broken up, now  grassed over,  forgotten?  Never. 

MINING SUBSIDENCE

When property is damaged as a result of coal mining subsidence, owners are legally entitled to have the damage repaired at no cost to themselves or their insurance companies. The DTI has produced a leaflet which explains the rights of property owners and it contains an application form for the repair of the damage. The leaflet – Coal Mining Subsidence Damage; A Guide to Claimants’ Rights (URN 04/1926 and URN 04/1954) – was updated in December 2004 and is available from DTI Publications Orderline.

GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS

Over the years the following departments were responsible for the coal industry in Britain

Home Office, 1850-1920  
Board of Trade: Mines Department, 1920-1942  
Ministry of Fuel and Power, 1942-1957  
Ministry of Power, 1957-1969  
Ministry of Technology, 1969-1970  
Department of Trade and Industry, 1970-1974  
Department of Energy, 1974-1992  
Department of Trade and Industry, 1992  
Also the following bodies who ran the coal industry at  ground level

Coal Mines Reorganisation Commission, 1930-1936  
Coal Commission, 1938-1947  
National Coal Board (NCB), 1946-1986  
British Coal Corporation known as British Coal 1987-1997  
Coal Authority, 1994

BRITISH COAL EXPORTS

By 1978 the export of British coal was on a par with that of 1820 which was less than 5 million tonne, compared with the year 1895 when the export figure was over 25 million tonne

BRONCHITIS V. SILICOSIS

Chronic bronchitis was given as cause of death for many a miner, when in fact they actually died from silicosis. The difference being that with a recorded verdict of bronchitis then we have a cause of death that is not in particular to working in a coal mine, whereas a verdict of silicosis is a definite illness  associated with working in a coal mine. In my late fathers case the hospital autopsy revealed silicosis as the cause of death, the Coal Board were then given the specimens so that they could have a second opinion. Not surprisingly the Coal Board investigation stated no trace of silicosis, and to ensure that a third opinion could not be sought the Coal Board had the specimens destroyed. This resulted in an open verdict at the inquest, with the Judge remarking "There is no doubt that this matter will be subject to a further hearing". My Mother never got that further hearing.

 

 

 

 

 

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