Thrybergh Ravenfield Dalton

South Yorkshire England

            Pronounced locally Thrybur  Old English Triberg

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19th Century


A General Account of All the Rivers of Note in Great Britain: With Their Several Courses, 
by Henry Skrine - 1801
"The terrace in Mrs Finch's finely wooded park at Thrybergh, commands the vale in  great perfection;"


St. Leonards Church and Rectory photo courtesy of Robert Bird

 Which again amplifies the beauty of Thrybergh Park and the surrounding area, before "Progress!" arrived to change the view forever.


Between 1770 and 1815 several new cuts were created on the River Don to improve the navigation including the one at Thrybergh and many further disputes arose with landowners over water rights.

Will of Jane Webster, Spinster of Thrybergh , Yorkshire Date 02 July 1808


from the earliest period to 1852

Fullerton, Colonel, of Thribergh Park, near Rotherbam, was a magistrate for the West-riding. He became possessed of Thribergh,  (which was purchased by John Savile, Esq., of Methley, of Sir William Reesby, about the year 1705,) by bequest of his relation Judith, (who died in 1809), the widow of Savile Finch, Esq. M.P. for Malton, who was the only son of thehonourable John Finch, (second son of Heneage Earl of Ailesford), by Elizabeth Savile, heiress of Thribergh. Colonel Fllerton erected a new mansion at Thribergh, in the style called gothic; and he placed in the church there a beautiful monument by the younger Bacon, representing his wife Louisa (who died in 1818, in her 37th year), and her eight children, in alto-relieve. He died at his seat, Thribergh Park, January 19th, 1847, in his 69th year. Colonel Fullerton is succeeded at Thribergh by his son John
Fullerton, Esq., who married, May 27th 1827, Louisa, fourth daughter of Sir Grey Skipwith, Bart, of Hampton Lucy, Warwickshire, and has a numerous family.

In 1810 Peter Thomas Legat married Catherine Legatt at Thrybergh, I understand that her parents were William and Mary Legatt and her Grandfather was John Legatt. The Legat family  lived at Thrybergh Lodge and Thrybergh Lodge farm from about 1750 to 1850 and would have been employee's of the Savilles and Fullertons. There is a Conveyance dated 13th July 1848 Reciting mortgages of 1815 and 1824, and the wills of William Leggatt, of Thrybergh, co. Yorks., yeoman whose will is dated 18th July 1827, probate 26 July 1830  and his son John Legatt, whose will is dated 29th March 1834, deceased 1834


Will of John Holmes, Servant of Thrybergh , Yorkshire Date 21 April 1812

Around this period there were approximately 200 people living in Thrybergh. In 1814 the new owners of Thrybergh, the Fullerton family, decided to sell a large amount of timber from their estate with a view to raise money to build a new House. The old House was apparently burnt down presumably by John Fullerton The New House built by John Fullerton is now the Golf Course Club House, and well worth a visit.


About this time John Fullerton and the Rev. Milner appointed a new Schoolmaster who was the Rotherham born James Ross, later to become known as the Bard of Thrybergh. With the addition of girls to the school a Miss Hannah Piper was employed as a teacher, so the School now had two Teachers. James Ross was to leave a legacy for the people of Thrybergh, that legacy was his Poetry, and also records of the parish beautifully written in calligraphy. James in his poetry describes his perception of Thrybergh and its people of the time. James died in 1836, and one hundred years later thanks to Mr. J. H. Townend the village cobbler and a  J. P. a centenary celebration was held for the Bard of Thrybergh.


Around 1818 Sir Walter Scott was a guest at Thrybergh Hall and in his memoirs wrote  "Thrybergh, a very handsome seat, surrounded by fine woods"

Letters and Recollections of Sir Walter Scott - Page 309 by Mary Ann Watts, Mrs. Hughes, William Hastings Hughes  1904


From the Eagle Magazine article" A Day's Ramble in South Yorkshire"

"This church [ Rotherham ]would repay a lengthened visit, but we cannot stay now; we leave the smoky little town behind us, and wander for three miles through a country of quiet rural beauty, till we climb the hill on which stands, with its hall and spire-church, the little village of Thrybergh ; a place with that air of substantial comfort about it so characteristic of the rural villages of Yorkshire, and the .neatness and cleanliness which are the surest signs of a well-fed and contented peasantry. Thrybergh is an interesting village; its fine hall is modern, but it has two old crosses, and around one of them is entwined the evergreen wreath"


Robert and Elizabeth Foster were farmers at Thrybergh.

Canklow VI
FILE - Mortgage by demise for 1000 years - ref.  213/C/24/2  - date: 21 June 1821 [from Scope and Content] 2) Elizabeth Foster of Thrybergh, spr.

Church Street/Market Place
FILE - Mortgage - ref.  213/C/28/1  - date: 11 May 1816 [from Scope and Content] 3) Robert Foster of Thrybergh, farmer.
1831 John Fullerton esq Thyburgh-castle near Rotherham and John Fullerton jun esq Forest Hill Notts [ As entered in the following ]both subscribed descriptions of Thrybergh and Forest Hill to the Lewis Topgraphical Dictionary of England published in 1831.

THRIBERGH, a parish in the southern division of the wapentake of STRAFFORTH and TICKHILL, West riding of the county of YORK, 3 miles (N. E.) from Rotherham, containing 315 inhabitants. The living is a rectory, in the archdeaconry and diocese of York, rated in the king's books at £ 12.11. 5|., and in the patronage of John Fullerton, Esq. The church, dedicated to St.Leonard, is principally in the later style of English architecture, Elizabeth Finch, in 1760, bequeathed money producing about ten guineas a year, for teaching poor children. A new school-room has been erected by Mr. Fullerton, and the former converted into a residence for the master.


 Will of James Craig, School Master of Thrybergh , Yorkshire Date 08 May 1838


Somerset. Smith, Vicar of East Garston, Berks, and son of the late Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, to Frances, youngest dau. of John Fullerton, At Thrybergh, Yorksh. the Rev. Charles esq. of Thrybergh Park



By B[enjamin] Clarke
Published 1852 Published (for the proprietors) by H.G Collins

 THRYBERGH , West Riding, YORK, a parish in the upper division of Strafforth and Tickhill wapentake, union of Rotherham : 181 miles from London (coach road 163), 4 from Rotherham, 8 from Doncaster. - - Xor. West. Rail, through Rugby and Derby to Rotherham, thence 4 miles: from Derby, through Rotherham, &c., 49 miles. - - Money orders issued at Rotherham : London letters delivd- 8 a.m. : post closes 7 p.m. —5*=- The church, which is a neat edifice, consists of a nave, chancel, and tower, with a good spire. One of the schools here is endowed with Finch's rent-charge of £10. 10s. per annum; and also £18 per annum by the bequest of the Rev. W. Hodge. Mr. Hunter, in his history of the Deanery of Doncaster, says of Thrybergh—"In the whole economy of Thrybergh there has been no departure from what appears to have been contemplated by our ancestors, as the perfection of one of the minutest subdivisions of our country. It is one manor, one township, one parish. There is one resident lord, with his mansion and adjacent park, and a tenantry living under his patronage ; a beautiful little church ; a commodious parsonage near adjoining ; a resident incumbent, and an unspoiled rectory. There is also a rich and fertile soil ; and an easy communication with the two markets of Rotherham and Doncaster. Correspondent to these advantages, there is at Thrybergh the appearance of cleanliness, cheerfulness, and comfort."-  -Tho living, a rectory in the archdy- and diocese of York, is valued at £12. lis. 5d. : près, net income, £329 : patron, J. Fullerton, Esq. : près, incumbent, A. Fullerton, 1843 : contains 1,290 acres: 63 houses: pop"-in 1841, 314: assd- prop-"- £2,147: poor rates in 1848, £155. 15s. Tithes commuted in 1797.

Thrybergh House, the seat of John Fullerton, Esq., is an imposing mansion, surrounded by an extensive and very pleasing park. Few families in England can boast of such a long unbroken descent as the Fullertons


The School building we knew as the "Little Hundred " on School Lane was provided by John Fullerton in 1819, its full name being Thrybergh Fullerton Church of England School. No wonder we just called it the " Little Hundred"

The Fullerton, Saville, and Reresby names are well recorded within the historic documents of not only the local area but also documentation on a national level. The names are still well known locally due to the names of two of the Public Houses in Thrybergh The Fullerton Hotel and the Reresby Arms. Their names are also remembered on the street names Fullerton Cres. Reresby Ave. and Saville Street.

Back in the early 1800's what we now know as Park Lane was simply called Common side lane. Where the Railway bridge is on Park Lane on the shop side of the road was a quarry, and the area between Oldgate Lane, Park Lane, Doncaster Road, to Old Thrybergh where Doncaster Road meets Park Lane was known as Windmill Field.

On Whinney hill was a plantation, and at the top of Whinney Hill behind where Fosters used to be was a Sand stone Quarry. Close to where St. Gerard's Church is, there was Milroy lane which went down towards a little clump of tree's called Bankwood, which was pretty close to the River Don.

The area we knew as Fatty Boyins was known as The Fish Ponds which were on the edge of Thrybergh Deer Park.


The plantation that runs from Reresby Ave to March flatt's Road was called The Marsh Flatt Plantation. Lilleys Farm was there on what is now known as Vale Road, and behind the farm was an old well named Trough Well which provided water to the farm. Trough Dr gained its name from the old term trough which were depressions in the ground, and Thrybergh had a large number of these Troughs.

Opposite where the Fullerton Pub stands on what used to be a green, there was a pond named brick kiln pond. Barraclough's Farm off Hollings Lane was known as the Blacking Mill.


The lower part of Silverwood was actually called Gulling Wood, and the little wood where the cenotaph used to be was called Round Wood. There was a Quarry there Known as Round Wood Quarry. Where the Bath house and car park stood at Silverwood Pit was called Hollings Wood. The area from Park Lane to where Vale Road meets Hollings Lane was known as Thrybergh Common. About midway on the common close to where the railway line ran was a building named Warren House.



In 1834 Sarah Awty married Henry Samual Richardson.


In 1858 the Rotherham Advertiser was founded by a Rotherham newsagent Ann Hinchliffe and also Henry Hepworth. This newspaper was to become the major source of information for events in the Rotherham area. It is now I regard a great source of historical information in recent times. It proved to be a great source upon the life of James Ross the Thrybergh Bard.

Thrybergh became a site for a reservoir which was built at a cost of £180,000 between 1876 and 1880 to provide water for the Doncaster area, and was, a popular place to go as a kid fishing for Tadpoles, and small fish called Sticklebacks. The Reservoir was to become one of England's finest spots for bird watching, with many varieties taking up either casual or permanent residency. The Reservoir was also well known for Trout Fishing and was stocked each year. In September of 1980 Rotherham Metropolitan Bourgh Council purchased the site for the token price of £1. Yes that's right one pound sterling, In recent years the area was declared a parkland and as become known as Thrybergh Park one of the areas top natural attractions.

In 1875 Henry Leigh Bennitt M A of York became the Rector Of Thrybergh formally residing in Mansfield, Nottingham, and Leamington, Warwick.

If you wanted a pair of shoes in this period you saw Joseph Butler the Shoe Maker who lived at the Thrybergh Post Office. If you wanted grocery's well Martha Tayler ran the Village Grocery Shop. The role of School Teacher was in the hands of John Mason of York. Sometime after 1872 Sampson Sanderock of North Putherwin, Devon, arrived in Thrybergh to become the Village Police Constable. Down at the Blacking Mill Benjamin Turner was the Miller. While at Thrybergh Hall in 1881 George Turton of Thrybergh, a Farm Labourer was listed on the census as In Charge Of Hall Not Let In The Hall Indoor .


Mary Wadsworth was a partner in the Quarry situated near the railway bridge on Park Lane. and the Farmers in the area were Edmund Gillott, Thomas Hawson, Hannah Sargan, William Walker, William Williams, and George Whitaker the largest with 2,300 acre's.

Mrs Cook Yarbrough the owner or resident of Thrybergh Manor Hall was not present on census day 1881and left in charge was Margret Ritt of Keglete, Dumfries, Scotland who was the Housekeeper.


The Thrybergh Joiner Builder was Henry Peace born in Clifton Yorkshire. Edward Howley was the man to see if your horse needed new shoe's listed as the Blacksmith. There were quite a few old folks in Thrybergh on census day 1881 and the oldest person in Thrybergh on the day was Mary Speight a widower living on her own  88 years old born in Yorkshire 1793. [ I wonder if this is a ancestor of a certain George Speight who is better known as Paul Shane ] Well o k  I suppose now I have told you that, you will want to know who was the youngest person on census day. There are a few contenders but the winner is Isabel Stokil Boyd 2 months old on the day.

In 1881 Sarah C. Fullerton daughter in law of John was living at Cambridge Rd Southernhay listed on the census as
Head; W Female 70 Wath Upon Deane, York, England Widow Of Rev Weston Fullerton. In the household were
Cecilia L.A. Fullerton Dau U Female 43 Brighton, Sussex, England
Selina Fullerton Dau U Female 42 Thrybergh, York, England
Alan E.W. Fullerton G Son Male 3 Southsea, Hampshire, England son of John I Fullerton
Eric J.A. Fullerton G Son Male 2 Hamble, Hampshire, England son of John I Fullerton
Emily Groves Serv M Female 38 Weston, Shropshire, England Nurse Dom Serv
Fanny Rogers Serv U Female 24 Mottisfont, Hampshire, England Lady's Maid Dom Serv
Sarah Smeeton Serv W Female 44 Fulford, York, England Parlour Maid Dom Serv
Emily Miles Serv U Female 20 Purbrook, Hampshire, England Cook Dom Serv
Census Place Holdenhurst, Hampshire, England
Public Records Office Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 1197 / 38 Page Number 69

Also on the Census of 1881 was John I. Fullerton listed as Head M Male 40 Thrberg, York, England Captain R N
In the household were
Ada Fullerton  Wife M Female 38 Simala (British Subject), East Indies Captain R N Wife
Edith F. Fullerton Daur U Female 1m Hamble, Hampshire, England
Hester A. Ward Serv U Female 27 Portsmouth, Hampshire, England General Serv
Fanny Newman Serv U Female 30 Bovington, Hertford, England General Serv
Dwelling Gun House
Census Place Hamble Le Rice, Hampshire, England
Public Records Office Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 1216 / 27 Page Number 10



In 1881on the census of Thrybergh is listed one George T.B. Newton and his family
George T.B. Newton Head M Male 48 Edinsor, Derby, England Gardener Dom
Elizabeth Newton Wife M Female 46 Cuckney, Nottingham, England Gardener Wife
Blanch Ida Newton Daur U Female 15 Liverpool, Lancashire, England Scholar
Dwelling Garden House
Census Place Thrybergh, York, England
Public Records Office Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 4684 / 56 Page Number 23
As can be seen from the census George had been living in Liverpool in 1866 where his daughter was born, but there is a lot more to the story of George. Now according to the information below the age on the 1881 census could be wrong. This is quite conceivable as ages were often incorrect on census records. The Garden House listed as the dwelling of George in Thrybergh would possibly have been owned by the Fullerton Family [ need to verify ] So was George brought into the Fullerton Estate on the strength of his reputation as a Gardener.
The information below has been kindly sent in by Barbara Newton who would like to confirm the identity of George in 1881.
George John Brown Newton born Edensor & baptised 7.1.1821. His Father was Sampson who worked on the Chatsworth Estate. George's Mother was Frances Brown from Dover
A lady who has records of employees of the Dukes of Devonshire in the C19th says there was a George Newton employed at Chiswick House in 1841 aged 20. This of course fits in with the date of baptism. 1851 Census he was a gardener moved back to Pilsley & was living with his Uncle and Aunt, aged 29, so still more or less the right age! The book - "A gardener at Chatsworth" is the diaries from 1848 to 1850 of Robert Aughtie, who worked in the Dof Devs Chiswick and Chatsworth estates, and was Joseph Paxton's under gardener. When Aughtie came to Chatsworth, the diaries mention lots of visits to "George" and as I said, the index says G came up from Chiswick. Which is all very nice, but according to the 1881 census, George's age is not right, as according to that he would have been born in 1833. I presume they mean George J B Newton, even though they wrote T, as I think the two letters could be confused easily. So that's why I think they are the same person.

If you have any information please contact Barbara at 


In 1881 there were two empty dwellings in Thrybergh and a cottage being constructed and were listed as follows
Building Cottage UNINHABITED
Census Place Thrybergh, York, England
Public Records Office Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 4684 / 54 Page Number 19

Building Cottage UNINHABITED
Census Place Thrybergh, York, England
Public Records Office Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 4684 / 54 Page Number 19

Building Cottage BEING BUILT
Census Place Thrybergh, York, England
Public Records Office Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 4684 / 54 Page Number 19

Also in 1881 the Waiton family had left Thrybergh and were found in nearby Tickhill
Ralph Waiton  Head   M  Male   28   Neasham, Durham, England  Groom    
Eliza Waiton Wife   M  Female   30   Ollerton, Nottingham, England       
Rolland Waiton  Son     Male   3   Thrybergh, York, England       
Laurance Waiton   Son     Male   2   Thrybergh, York, England       
Dwelling   Sunderland Street
Census Place Tickhill, York, England
Public Records Office Reference   RG11 Piece / Folio   4685 / 5 Page Number   2


In 1888 Martin Kinsey of Thrybergh was involved in the founding of the Dalton Chapel.

In 1891 a Typhoid Fever Breakout occurred at Thrybergh which rapidly spread throughout the Rotherham area.

By the mid 1800's the Industrial revolution was creeping its way toward Thrybergh with coal mines and Foundries down the hill in Aldwarke. destroying the view that James Ross held so dear. By the Twentieth century the River Don, had earned the well deserved but unenviable title of one of Europe’s filthiest rivers. A title which it retained well into the 1980’s.



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This site is the result of over 7 years research, and compilation, should you wish to use any of the content for publication of literature please contact me. The poetry and life of James Ross, the story of St. Leonard's Cross, and other items on this site were compiled, and first published on this site in their present context as a study of Thrybergh. If you use this site as a source, out of courtesy, please give credit where it is due as I have done on this site where appropriate.
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