Thrybergh Ravenfield Dalton

South Yorkshire England

            Pronounced locally Thrybur  Old English Triberg

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12th & 13th Centuries Onward


The linage of the Percys ended in the male line at the close of the 12th century by the deaths, without issue, of the four sons of William de Perci's  grandson William. The estates were divided between their two sisters , Maud, wife of William de Mauduit, Earl of Warwick, who died without issue, and Agnes, on whom the whole possessions of the Percy's in England devolved, and passed to Joceleyn de Louvaine, brother of Adeliza, Queen of Henry I, who assumed the name of Percy, Thus retaining the arms of his own family.
It is interesting to note that on the signing of the Magna Carta by King John in 1215, a lot of the local noble names of the West Riding of Yorkshire were recorded as being supporters of the King and included Ralph de Normanville, William de Percy , and William de Warren.

Rozelline was a predecessor of the Normanvilles, not only in Yorkshire but also at Stainton and Reasby in Lincolnshire, and his property at all these places fell to that of his eldest co heir came afterwards to the Yorkshire Baron Adam Swain son founder of the priory of Monkbretton. Adams eldest daughter and co-heir married Alexandra Crevequer, and the meane lordship under De Percy of these two places passed to her descendants the Nevils and  Hetons , one of the latter in the reign of Edward 111.

Ralph De Normanville 1168-89 by marriage to a certain Avicia, who may have represented a younger co-heir. That Avicia was an heiress in both counties is quite clear. In 1203 she claimed  land in Stainton. Of which Ralph De Normanville and she had been seized in the time of Henry 11 in right of the said Avicia, and in circa 1185-90 Ralph De Normanville grants to his son lands in Thrybergh and elsewhere by consent of Avicia my wife. This Ralph gave one oxgang in Brinsford to the Templars in 1194-5, and his widow had two oxgangs there in 1203.

In the 1200's Thrybergh passed on to the Normainvilles for about 100 years, Ralph Normanville became Lord of Thrybergh. The name of Ralph's wife is unknown at present, but he had a son named Ralph Normanville 11. who died sometime after 1259.


Again the name of the wife of Ralph 11 is not known but he had a son Adam who inherited Thrybergh, and daughter named Margery Normanville who inherited from Adam who died without issue. Margery married a Ralph Reresby around 1287 thus beginning close to a four hundred year presence of Reresbys at Thrybergh. The Reresbys also owned properties and land in other parts of Yorkshire including Ickles which was on the land where Steel Peech and Tozer used to be in nearby Rotherham. The Reresbys also owned land at Ashover Derbyshire. Adam De Reresby Lord of Eshouere was born at Thrybergh approx 1288 Adam died prior to 1378.Adam married Thethnega approx 1302 who was also born in Thrybergh around 1282 [ For further reading see the Reresby family on this site ]



14th & 15th Centuries


Knights created by John Doxey from an original clipart


FILE  [no title] - ref.  DD/FJ/4/32/8  - date: 21 June 1335
[from Scope and Content] (1) to (2) in tail lands in Thorpe, 1 water mill and 1 fulling mill in Aldewerk, Osterneheeng meadow in Thrybergh, and lands in Kilnehirst and Great and Little Dalton, of which Thos. had enfeoffed (1).
William Clarell, wife Eliz. de Raygate, and Thomas


A Thomas Durant lived in Thrybergh in the year 1374. as to what position Thomas held is again a subject for further research. Some of the people living in Thrybergh during the 1300's had surnames that later gave rise to many variations. This was the time that Thomas Reresby, and his wife Alicia and their children Thomas, and Alicia were resident and owners of Thrybergh.

The following names are a prime example of how surnames were taken particular to Yorkshire. Often a servant would take the surname of the master, or it would be a description of his work.

Johannes Adamson  and his wife Cecilia
Johannes Rygeway and his wife Cecilia There was a William De Rygeway recorded in 1310 in Derbyshire or Cheshire the name means someone from Ridgeway or dweller by the Ridge way.

Robert Combe and his wife Beatrix The surname means someone from one of the many places called Combe Rudolph Combe possibly son, brother, or father of Robert
William Couper and his wife Johanna The surname means maker or repairer of wooden containers.

Robert Cawey and his wife Johanna.

John Godhale and his wife Magota The surname means to Hail God.

Alan Godhale.

Robert Swyft and his wife Magota No prizes for guessing the meaning of this surname.  

John Mote and his wife Dianna The surname is a pet name for Matilda.  Beatrix Mote possible daughter of John above.

Robert Hannelay and his wife Ann.

Alan Schephird and his wife Matilda possibly son, brother, or father of.

Rudolph Shepherd and his wife Matilda possibly son, brother, or father of.

Thomas Shephird and his wife Agnes.

Richard Haremyhere a Wryght and his wife Beatrix

John Wippe and his wife Johanna Old English name associated with Whip 

John Caton and his wife Alicia The surname is a pet name of Catelin or Katin a diminutive of Cat.

William ffoye / Foy and his wife Agnes The surname means Faith.

John Firthe and his wife Cecilia  This surname has many variations the original Old English word being firhpe meaning of the Woodland.

Richard Roland and his wife Alicia The surname was introduced by the Normans and may derive from famous land.

Richard Tyncker / Tinker and his wife Matilda This surname is only noted in the Northern counties of England and means a worker or dealer in Metal.

John Preste and his wife Agnes The surname means Priest or someone with a Priestly appearance.

John Holand and his wife Isabella Means someone from Holland.

William Smyth a Smith and his wife Beatrix .

Thomas Breton a carpenter and his wife Alicia plus their servant Johanna The surname means someone from Brittany .

Robert Breton possibly son, brother or father of Thomas.

Johannes Copelay and his wife Matilda.

William Copelay and his sister Agnes The surname means from Copelay near Halifax.

Thomas Milner and his wife Alicia possibly an ancestor of Rev. H S Milner, LL.D of Thrybergh in 1817 The surname is a variation of Miller and is found throughout the centuries in the history of Thrybergh.

Johannes Herryngman and his wife Christiana Surname means dealer in Herrings.

 Rudolph Parsonman This surname means one who worked at the Parsons house.

Robert Boswell is an Anglo Norman name means from Boesvillia.

Johanna Yate The surname means dweller by the gate.

Henry Layer The surname is the name for the person who places the stones cut by the mason.

Thomas ffoxole Foxhole meaning from Foxhole East Riding of Yorkshire.

John Seygraue / Seygray.

Johannes Huntte / Hunt.

Robert Yorke / York .

William Youle The surname is one born around Christmas.

Magota Colyer The surname means Collier one who makes or sells charcoal.

Leticia Scot means you guessed it someone from Scotland.

William Couper. and his wife Johanna
Matilda Ffoxdoghter This name is an example in this time of how in the case of daughters which occurred quite a lot in Yorkshire the word doghter was added to the end of the fathers name and the word wyfe also. So often in a family you would have for example John Ffox, Alice Ffoxwyfe, David Ffoxson, Emma Ffoxdoghter. Again if we look at David Ffoxson his children may have have been given the surname Ffoxson creating a change of surname for future generations. So our Matilda Ffoxdoghter was in fact simply Matilda Fox. More than likely the daughter of Thomas Ffox who lived in Ravenfield at this time.


FILE  [no title] - ref.  DD/FJ/1/209/14  - date: 14 May 1372 [from Scope and Content] Thos. Breton of Thrybergh.


FILE - Quitclaim - ref.  Bag C/1250  - date: 15 Sep 1392
[from Scope and Content] Adam Cotorell, rector of Thrybergh, Henry Dycon of Prestclyff', Nicholas Jacson, John Huy and William Inesont of Tadyncton to Thomas Cotorell of Tadyncton, John Dycon, John Knyghton and John de Schaw of Prestclyff. Two acres of land in Tadynctum which the grantors have of the gift of Matilda Hervey. 15th September (Sunday in the feast of the Exaltation of the Cross), 1392.



In the 1400's the hedgerows around Thrybergh were planted. In 1415 on the 25th October Nicholas Reresby. and a Nicholas de Reresby [ both names listed but could be the same person. ] were present at The Battle of Agincourt


In 1480   Robert Breton (Bretton). Petitioned: the King and the lords of his council as follows.
 Breton complains that he was granted land, common of pasture for all his beasts, a place called Halityf in the vill of Thrybergh, access to his dwelling place and to be able to grind at the mill multure free by ..., but has been disseised of this by Reresby by his power. He complained about this when the king was last at Pontefract, but Reresby continued to prevent him from profiting from his land. He is of no power to pursue this at the common law and requests that in reformation and continuance of his right that letters of the privy seal be granted to him and directed to Reresby to appear before the king at a day to be appointed under a certain pain to answer the premises.

The petition was endorsed as follows: 

[On face:] Let letters be sent just as requested of the 2nd day of May in the 20th year to appear at Westminster on 12th day of the same month under penalty of 40.[On dorse]. Bill of R. Breton.
Referred names in the petition are Adam Normanville and Ralph Reresby of Thrybergh.
The petition dates to 1480 as the response refers to letters to be issued on 2 May 20 (Edw. IV).


A reference to Thomas, R Salmon,  of Thribergh, buried: there, 12 October


Helpful pages regarding old terms and Latin


Latin Translations




I have no affiliation  with any Trade Union, Political body, or organization regarding the information on this site. All information on this site is Factual and correct to the extent of my knowledge. There is no intent to cause offence to any individual. Should you spot an error please let me know  and that error will be corrected.


This site is the result of over 7 years research, and compilation, should you wish to use any of the content for publication of literature please contact me. The poetry and life of James Ross, the story of St. Leonard's Cross, and other items on this site were compiled, and first published on this site in their present context as a study of Thrybergh. If you use this site as a source, out of courtesy, please give credit where it is due as I have done on this site where appropriate.
All text and pages as formatted and presented on this site Copyright John Doxey and may not be reproduced under any circumstances without consent. Photos, and information Copyright to Primary Sources where applicable